1998.  Judicial review; generally

A.(1)(a)  Any taxpayer or bona fide representative of an affected tax-recipient body in the state dissatisfied with the final determination of the Louisiana Tax Commission under the provisions of R.S. 47:1989 shall have the right to institute suit within thirty days of the entry of any final decision of the Louisiana Tax Commission in the district court for the parish where the Louisiana Tax Commission is domiciled or the district court of the parish where the property is located contesting the correctness of assessment.  Any taxpayer who owns property assessed in more than one parish may institute this suit in either the district court for the parish where the tax commission is domiciled or the district court of any one of the parishes in which the property is located and assessed, provided at least twenty-five percent of the parishes where the property is located are named in the suit.  However, if at least twenty-five percent of the parishes are not named in the suit, then suit must be filed in the parish where the property is located.

(b)(i)  The proceedings in such suit shall be tried by preference, whether or not out of term time1, at such time as fixed by the district court. No new trial or rehearing shall be allowed.

(ii)  Any appeal from a judgment of the district court shall be heard by preference within sixty days of the lodging of the record in the court of appeal. The appeal shall be taken thirty days from the date the judgment of the district court is rendered.  If such appeal is timely filed, any amount of taxes that were paid under protest pursuant to R.S. 47:1856(E) shall remain segregated and invested pursuant to that Subsection and no bond or other security shall be necessary to perfect such appeal.

(iii)  In the event the supreme court grants a writ of certiorari, the court shall hear the appeal on the next regular docket of the court.

(2)  Any taxpayer who has filed suit under this provision and whose taxes have become due shall pay such taxes under protest and shall cause to issue notice to the officer designated by law for the collection of such tax under the provisions of R.S. 47:2110(E), and shall cause service of process to be made on the Louisiana Tax Commission as the officer designated by law to assess the property as provided for in R.S. 47:2110(B).  However, the portion of taxes that is not in dispute shall be paid without being made subject to the protest.

B.(1)  Any taxpayer or bona fide representative of an affected tax-recipient body in the state shall have the right to institute suit in either the district court for the parish where the tax commission is domiciled or the district court of the parish where the property is located, for the purpose of contesting the correctness or legality of any change in assessment made against the property under written instructions of the tax commission, pursuant to R.S. 47:1990, which suits must be instituted within thirty days after the date of the written instructions of the tax commission ordering the change.

(2)  Any taxpayer who owns property assessed in more than one parish may institute this suit in either the district court for the parish where the tax commission is domiciled or the district court of any one of the parishes in which the property is located and assessed, provided at least twenty-five percent of the parishes where the property is located are named in the suit.  However, if at least twenty-five percent of the parishes are not named in the suit, then suit must be filed in the parish where the property is located.

(3)  Any taxpayer in the state who has filed suit under these provisions and whose taxes have become due shall pay said taxes under protest and shall cause to issue a notice to the officer designated by law for the collection of such tax under the provisions of R.S. 47:2110(E), and shall cause service of process to be made on the Louisiana Tax Commission as provided for in R.S. 47:2110(B).  However, the portion of taxes that is not in dispute shall be paid without being made subject to the protest.

C.  The assessor shall bring suit, when necessary to protect the interest of the state, and shall also have the right of appeal and such proceedings shall be without cost to him or the state.

D.  In all suits relating to property taxes the judge shall hear and try such cases without delay, in chambers if necessary, without cost to the reviewers or the assessors.

E.  The plea of estoppel shall never be allowed by the courts of this state in matters of local or municipal assessments where there are radical defects in the proceedings leading up to such local assessments, but such plea shall have full effect as against mere subsequent irregularities or informalities therein where no protest has been made thereto, provided that nothing contained in this Subsection shall apply to the levying of taxes for the security of any issuance of bonds.

F.  If the assessed valuation finally determined under this Section is greater than the taxpayer's own assessed valuation, the court shall enter judgment against the taxpayer for the additional taxes due together with interest at the actual rate earned on the money paid under protest in the escrow account during the period from the date of notice of intention to file suit for recovery of taxes pursuant to R.S. 47:2110(E) until paid.  If the taxpayer prevails in his suit to recover taxes paid under protest, the appropriate amount of taxes shall be refunded to the taxpayer together with interest at the rate set forth above during the period from the date of payment until the date of such refund.

G.  If all appeal delays have run, and a determination of the Louisiana Tax Commission and a judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction has become final upholding an assessment, and a taxpayer institutes another suit to contest the correctness of the same assessment valuation in subsequent years when there has been no change affecting the value of the assessed property and when the suit is frivolous as provided for in Code of Civil Procedure Article 2164, the taxpayer shall pay reasonable attorney fees, expert fees, and costs incurred by the assessor in defending the subsequent suit contesting the assessment, if the determination of the Louisiana Tax Commission and the judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction becomes final upholding the assessment in full.

Amended by Acts 1980, No. 601, 1, eff. July 23, 1980; Acts 1982, No. 609, 1; Acts 1986, No. 540, 1; Acts 1988, No. 588, 1, eff. July 14, 1988; Acts 1988, No. 719, 1; H.C.R. No. 88, 1993 R.S., eff. May 30, 1993; H.C.R. No. 1, 1994 R.S., eff. May 11, 1994; Acts 1995, No. 53, 1, eff. July 1, 1995; Acts 1995, No. 272, 1, eff. July 1, 1995; Acts 2000, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 74, 1, eff. April 17, 2000; Acts 2001, No. 1149, 1; Acts 2003, No. 791, 2, eff. July 30, 2003 Acts 2003, No. 792, 2, eff. July 27, 2003; Acts 2004, No. 461, 3, eff. July 1, 2006; Acts 2006, No. 390, 1.

1As appears in enrolled bill.